Melasma is the most prevalent skin ailment that results in patches and spots that are darker than your natural skin tone, usually on the face. The most frequently observed condition nowadays is melasma, which has two main causes: hormones and sunshine, ultraviolet light, or infrared (heat) light. The sun’s ultraviolet and infrared rays have a major role in aggravating melasma.
Melasma may result from sun exposure or hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. This illness is far more likely to affect women than men. Estrogen and progesterone, two female hormones, are frequently linked to melasma. Melasma typically shows up as brown or grey-brown patches on the cheeks, forehead, nose, and chin. Melasma in women frequently goes away on its own after childbirth or when the affected woman quits using birth control.
Melasma coupled with malnutrition may be a sign of liver disease or malnutrition. Studies show that people with impaired liver function, vitamin B12 insufficiency, and anaemia brought on by iron deficiency are more likely to develop melasma. Some research findings suggest that stress may contribute to melasma. When under stress, the body creates more cortisol. Melasma could result from elevated cortisol levels.
There are people who develop pigmentation without experiencing hormonal changes, and in those cases, UV exposure and genetics are likely implicated. So, basis how severe the skin problem is, our dermatologist will recommend the right melasma treatment which will be a combination of chemical peels ,advanced lasers etc to say goodbye to pigmentation.